English letter correspondences

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Vivian Cook

Here is a sample of the different sounds that particular letters correspond to in English. Some involve combination with other letters. The most common are given first.

A

bait, wag, talkative, aerial, anaemia, daughter, Shah, artistically (silent)

B

bad, debt (silent)

C

car, cell, chef, choir, chief, ocean, race, xxx (silent)

D

bad, badger, sandwich (silent)

E

ten, cedar, be, kidney, offer, bureau, eight, lewd, pace (silent)

F

fun, of (only word where 'f' goes with a 'v' sound), halfpenny (silent)

G

got, wage, gnat (silent)

H

hot, hour (silent)

I

bit, bite, legible, auntie, sign, dirt, business (silent)

J

jam, hallelujah

K

keen, knack (silent)

L

left, folk (silent)

M

time, mnemonic (silent

N

nice, cling, autumn (silent)

O

phone, dog, memoir, door, book, word, youth, ludicrous, cow, tough, flour, boy

P

pot, elephant, psychology (silent)

Q

baroque

R

bread, litre (silent)

S

see, dies, school, rush, illusion, island

T

stop, them, theory, catch, nation, buffet (silent)b

U

see, dies, school, rush, illusion, island

V

live

W

row, who, write (silent)

X

sex, Xena, exist

Y

yes, martyr, ratify, nylon, funny

Z

 zoo, rendezvous (silent)

Of course many words simply have a one-off pronunciation, for instance yacht and does

 

Letter Frequencies Silent Letters