Second Language Learning & Language Teaching
Vivian Cook

5th edition, Routledge, 2016

Vivian Cook UK SLA researcher

A page of links to chapter summaries, tests, keywords etc; as much of this has had to be redone do please let me if anything doesn't work ( Users of the 4th edition can find the original entry page on SLL&LTIV

General links

SLA Topics Website  BooklistCoursebook list  Tips for typing in Word

Background summary article: Key Issues in SLA 

Youtube: Aims of this book

Chapter 1 Background to Second Language Acquisition Research and Language Teaching

Glossary of teaching methods

1.1. The scope of this book

Quotations on Second Language Acquisition

1.2. Common assumptions of language teaching

Article: Questioning traditional assumptions of language teaching

1.3. What is Second Language Acquisition Research?

Students' sentences

Article: What is applied linguistics?

Article: Starting applied linguistics research

1.4. Some background ideas of SLA research

SLA research methods

SLA research tools on-line (links)

Chapter 2 Learning and teaching different types of grammar

Glossary of grammatical terms

Chapter 2 Summary and boxes

2.1. What is grammar?

European Science Foundation

2.2. Structure words, morphemes and sequences of acquisition

List of structure words

Pronouns (extract from book)

YouTube: structure and content words

L2 sequences notes

2.3. The processability model

2.4. Principles and parameters grammar

Handout: Universal Grammar in second language acquisition

2.5. L2 learning of grammar and L2 teaching

Article: grammar in language teaching

2.6. The role of explicit grammar in language teaching

Chapter 3 Learning and teaching vocabulary

Summaries and boxes for Chapter 3

Key vocabulary terms

SLL&LT test of vocabulary size

How many words do you know? Basic test    Advanced test

Quotes on words

Words Website

3.1 How do words mean (in two languages)?

YouTube: Words for wine (humorous)

YouTube: The use of 'passionate'

3.2. Word frequency

Content and structure words

3.3. Knowledge of words

Which came first - the language or the concept?

3.4. Types of meaning

Levels of meaning

article: Words and meanings 

3.5. Strategies for understanding and learning vocabulary

Exercise: Learning new words

Notes: L2 vocabulary notes (with colours)

3.6. Vocabulary and teaching

Word games: Guessing Games   Letter Games  Sequence Games

Article: Teaching vocabulary

Chapter 4 Acquiring and teaching pronunciation

Key phonological terms

Summaries and boxes

Flow chart of speech production

4.1. Phonemes and second language acquisition

Test of accent in English

4.2. Learning syllable structure

Sound System of Language

4.3. General ideas about pronunciation learning

4.4. Choosing a model for pronunciation teaching

4.5. Learning and teaching pronunciation

SLA Phonology

4.6. The learning and teaching of intonation

YouTube: Demonstrating tones

Chapter 5 acquiring and teaching a new writing system

Key terms about writing

article: Can they spell your name in Karachi? British and American style spelling

5.1. Writing systems

Spelling jokes and rhymes

Exercise: E-deletion and Dickens

5.2. Spelling

English spelling tests

Rules for structure words

Correspondence rules for vowels

L2 spelling notes

L2 mistakes (1400 sample)

L2 spelling article summaries

5.3. Punctuation

Punctuation test

Exercise: Punctuation and Lord of the Rings

5.4. The writing system and language teaching

Spelling games

article: Helping children spell

article: Teaching spelling

Chapter 6 strategies for communicating and learning

Key terms for strategies

Article: We have ways of making you talk

Article: The English are only Human

6.1. Communication strategies

 Communication Strategy Test

Compensatory Strategies in SLA

Transcript of info gap activity

6.2. Learning strategies: how do learners vary in their approaches to L2 learning?

Learning Strategies Test Skeleton

L2 learning strategies

Chapter 7 individual differences in L2 users and L2 learners

Key individual variables in classroom SLA

7.1. Motivation for L2 learning


Motivation questionnaire

7.2. Attitudes


7.3. Aptitude: are some people better at learning a second language than others?

7.4. Age: are young L2 learners better than old learners?

Age in SLA

Other individual factors

Chapter 8 The L2 user and the native speaker

YouTube:  The L2 User

8.1 What is special about L2 users?

Handout: L2 user

8.2. The L2 user versus the native speaker in language teaching

Definition of native speaker

8.3. Codeswitching by second language users

Exercise: Codeswitching


8.4. Using the first language in the classroom

Using L1 in Language Teaching

Article: Going beyond the native speaker in language teaching

8.5. Do native speakers make better language teachers?

Article: Going beyond the native speaker

Article: Basing Teaching on the L2 User

8.6. International languages: English as a Lingua Franca (ELF)

Article: ELF: Central or atypical second language acquisition?

Chapter 9 The goals of language teaching

9.1. The different roles of second languages in people’s lives

Article: Language user groups and language teaching

9.2. Languages and groups of speakers


9.3. The goals of language teaching

Article: Goals of EFL

Article: What should language teaching be about?

Article: Some assumptions in course design?

Chapter 10 General models of L2 learning

Summaries of learning models

Second versus foreign language learning

10.1 Universal Grammar

L2 and Universal Grammar

Article: Universal grammar and the language classroom

10.2. Processing models

10.3 The Comprehension Hypothesis


10.4. The Socio-Educational Model

10.5. The Interaction Approach

10.6. Socio-Cultural SLA Theory

10.7. multi-Competence - the L2 user perspective

Multi-competence menu

Annotated MC references

YouTube: Multi-competence: the Home Movie Reel 1

Article: Basing teaching on the L2 user

Multi-competence and UG (draft)

10.8 Comparing L1 and L2 learning

First and second language acquisition

Article: Comparing first and second language acquisition

10.9. General issues

Chapter 11 Second language learning and language teaching styles

Key terms for teaching techniques

Teaching style summaries

Teaching styles questionnaire

Article: Technique analysis- a tool for teachers

Foreign and second language learning

11.1. The academic style of teaching

11.2. The audiolingual style of teaching

11.3. The communicative style

Article: Making up characters for roleplay

11.4. The task-based learning style of teaching

11.5. The mainstream EFL style of language teaching

11.6. Other styles

Article: Reciprocal language teaching

11.7. Conclusions

Other articles etc by Vivian Cook

- on this site

- on YouTube channel itsallinaword

- on Twitter

This is a replacement for the old site at, now defunct.