Words index  Vivian Cook

Opposites

One aspect of meaning that everyone is familiar with is opposites. Yet there are many different kinds of opposite. Here are some of them taken from D.A. Cruse, Lexical Semantics.

Complementaries

Interactives:           obey:disobey 
accept:refuse  
yield:resist
Satisfactives:     try:succeed 
aim:hit 
seek:find
Counteractives:       

defend:submit 
success:fail

 

Antonyms

group I Polar short/long (pseudo comp for both)  this is heavierů
Group II overlapping (pseudo-comp for one)
Group III equipollent (true comps for both)  hot:cold

 

Directional opposites 

Antipodals:    top:bottom 
cellar:attic 
full:empty
Counterparts:  convex:concave 
ridge:groove 
bump:dent
Reversives: rise:fall 
enter:leave 
lengthen:shorten
Converses:          above:below
before:after

Saying No  Letters with meaning    Words for relatives

formerly at homepage.ntlworld.com/vivian.c