Publications by Vivian Cook

Vivian Cook

On-line texts of most items are available in Online Papers

I. Books


Active Intonation
Longman 1968;
unauthorised Cuban edition circa 1970

Realistic English, 3 levels,
with Brian Abbs & Mary Underwood
O.U.P. 1968-1970. New editions: 1978

English Topics
OUP, 1975

Young Children and Language
Edward Arnold 1979

Using Intonation
Longman, 1979

English for Life Series
People and Places
, Pergamon 1980 
Japanese edition with A. Hagiwara, 
Kihara Shoten, 1985; 
Meeting People
, Pergamon,1982; 
Living with People
, Pergamon, 1983
Polish editions, Polish Scientific Publishers, 1987; Polish supplementary materials

Authentic English for Reading, 3 vols,
with B. Abbs & M. Underwood
O.U.P. 1980-82

Experimental Approaches to Second Language Learning,
editor and contributor
Pergamon 1986


Chomsky's Universal Grammar: An Introduction
Blackwell 1988
Translated into Japanese (1990), Italian (1990, 1996), Korean (1992). Third edition with joint author M. Newson, 2007. Chinese edition 2000.

Second Language Learning and Language Teaching

Edward Arnold 1991. 4th edition 2008. 5th edition 2016. Translated into Japanese 1993. Chinese edition 2000. Indian edition 2011. Webpage


Linguistics and Second Language Acquisition
Macmillan 1993
 Chinese edition 2000. Korean edition 2016

Inside Language
Edward Arnold 1997

Portraits of the L2 User 
editor and contributor 
Clevedon, Multilingual Matters 2002

Effects of the Second Language on the First editor and contributor 
Clevedon, Multilingual Matters 2003

The English Writing System
Edward Arnold 2004 
Translated into Japanese 2008


Accomodating Brocolli in the Cemetary
Profile 2004, British paperback 2005;
US edition Touchstone 2005

Vivian Cook Second Language Writing Systems

Second Language Writing Systems,
edited with Benedetta Bassetti
Multilingual Matters, 2005

Contemporary Applied Linguistics, Vols 1 & 2
edited with Li Wei
Continuum 2009


It's all in a Word
Profile Books 2009
All in a Word
US edition Melville House 2010

Vivian Cook Language and Bilingual Cognition

Language and Bilingual Cognition
 edited with Benedetta Bassetti
Psychology Press 2011

Key Topics in Second Language Acquisition
with David Singleton
Multilingual Matters, 2014

The Routledge Handbook of the Engish Writing System
edited with Des Ryan
Routledge 2016

The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Multi-Competence
edited with Li Wei
Cambridge University Press 2016

II Articles
in Academic Journals

For other articles etc see online writings


'Some types of oral structure drill', Language Learning, XVIII, 1968 Reprinted in Allen, H. & Campbell, R. (eds.), Teaching English as a Foreign Language, McGraw Hill, 1972 Web version

'The analogy between first and second language learning', IRAL, VII/3, 207-216, 1969. Reprinted in R. Lugton (ed.), Towards a Cognitive Approach to Second Language Acquisition, CCD, 1971 Web version

'Freedom and control in language teaching materials', in R.W. Rutherford (ed.), BAAL Seminar Papers: Problems in the preparation of foreign language teaching materials, 1970 Web version

'The creative use of language', AudioVisual Language Journal, 8, 1970 Web version

'How children learn language', New Society, 442, 18.3.1971 Web version

'Which came first, the language or the concept?', Multiracial School, 1, 2, 1972 Web version

'The comparison of language development in native children and foreign adults,' IRAL, XI/1, 13-28, 1973 Web version

'Is explanatory adequacy adequate?', Linguistics, 133, 1974 Web version

'Strategies in the comprehension of relative clauses', Language and Speech, 18, 204-212, 1975 Web version

'A note on indirect objects', J. Child Language, 3, 435-438, 1976

'Language processes and language teaching', Indian Journal of Applied Linguistics, III, 1, 19-27, 1977 Web version

'Using recorded speech in the classroom,' Zeilsprache Englisch, 1, 1977 Web version

'Cognitive processes in second language learning', IRAL, XV/1, 73-90, 1977. Reprinted in D. Nehls (ed.), Studies in Language Acquisition, Julius Groos, 1980 Web version

'Second language learning: a psycholinguistic perspective', Linguistics and Language Teaching: Abstracts, 1978. Reprinted in V. Kinsella (ed.), Surveys I, 1982 Web version

'Some ways of organising language', AudioVisual Language Journal, 16, 2, 1978 Web version

'The English are only human', English Language Teaching Journal, XXXIII, 3, 163-167, 1979 Web version

'Aspects of memory in secondary school language learners', Interlanguage Studies Bulletin – Utrecht, 4, 2, 161-172, 1979 Web version

'The relationship of first and second language learning', (with J. Long & S. McDonough), in G.E. Perren (ed.), The Mother Tongue and Other Languages in Education, CILTR, 1979 Web version

'We have ways of making you talk', EFL Bulletin, No 4, 4-6, 1979 Web version

'Some neglected aspects of intonation', in H. Dechert & M. Raupach (eds.), Temporal Variables in Speech, Mouton, 1980

'Two fables for our time: the Fox and the Hen and the Miller's Sons', Dunsford Papers in ELT Course Design, British Council, 1981

'Some uses for second language learning research', Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 379, 251-258, 1981 Web version

'Teaching vocabulary', Modern English Teacher, 8, 3, 1981 Web version

'Using authentic materials in the classroom,' Modern English Teacher, 9, 2, 1981 Web version

'Second language acquisition from an interactionist viewpoint', Interlanguage Studies Bulletin – Utrecht, 6, 93-111, 1981 Web version

'What is your learning theory?', Modern English Teacher, 10, 1, 1982

'Structure drills and the language learner', Canadian Modern Language Review, 38, 1982 Web version

'Interaction sequences in L2 learning and teaching', in G. Nickel & D. Nehls (eds.), Error Analysis, Contrastive Linguistics and Second Language Learning, Julius Groos, 1982 Web version

'Kategorisierung und Fremdsprachenerwerb', Gegenwartige Probleme and Aufgaben der Fremdsprachen-psychologie, Karl Marx University, Leipzig, 1982 Web version

'Structure drills on a ZX 81: Part I', Modern English Teacher, 11, 1, 1983 Web version

'Structure drills on a ZX 81: Part II', Modern English Teacher, 11, 2, 1983

'Some assumptions in the design of courses', University of Trier Papers, Series B, paper no 94, 1983, 24-27 Reproduced L.A.U.T. (Linguistic Agency University of Trier Web version

'What should language teaching be about?', English Language Teaching Journal, 37, 3, 1983 Web version

'Making up characters for roleplay', World Language English, 2, 4, 249-250, 1983 Web version

'Communication games with a microcomputer', World Language English, 3, 2, 1984 Web version

'Chomsky's Universal Grammar and second language learning', Applied Linguistics, 6, 1-8, 1985 Web version

'Bridging the gap between computers and the classroom', ELT Documents, 122, 13-25, 1985

'Language functions, social factors, and second language teaching', IRAL, 13, 3, 177-196, 1985

'Natural language processing by computer and language teaching', (with D. Fass), System, 14/2, 163-170, 1986 Web version

'The basis for an experimental approach to second language learning', in V.J. Cook (ed.), 1986, 3-22 Web version

'Experimental approaches applied to two areas of second language learning research: age and listening-based teaching methods', in V.J. Cook (ed.) 1986, 23-37 Web version

'Do second language learners have a cognitive deficit?', in V.J. Cook (ed.) (1986), 73-80

'Natural language processing as interface between CALL and computing,' Fremdsprachen und Hochschule, AKS, 20, 17-26, 1987

'"How to" exercises', ETAS (English Teachers Association, Switzerland), 4/4, 59-60, 1987 Web version

'Designing CALL programs for communicative teaching,' English Language Teaching Journal, 42, 4, 262-271, 1988 Web version

'Cognitive processing and second language learning', Polyglot, 9, fiche 2, 1988

'Designing a BASIC parser for CALL', CALICO Journal, September 1988 Web version

'Language learners' extrapolation of word order in phrases of Micro-Artificial Languages,' Language Learning, 38, 4, 497-529, 1988

'Technique analysis: a tool for the teacher', Modern English Teacher, 16, 1, 29-32, 1988 Web version

'Einige Bemerkungen zum Verhaltnis von Zweitsprachen-Lernforschung und Sprachunterricht' (Second language learning research and language teaching), Deutsch Als Fremdsprache, 26, 20-24, 1989

'The relevance of grammar to the applied linguistics of language teaching', Trinity College Dublin Occasional Papers, 22, 1989 Web version

'Reciprocal language teaching: another alternative', Modern English Teacher, 16, 3/4, 48-53, 1989 Web version

'Universal Grammar theory and the classroom', System, 17, 2, 169-181, 1989 Web version

'Bringing language into CALL', in I. Kecskes & L. Agocs (eds.), New Tendencies in Computer Assisted Language Learning, Kossuth University, 39-42, 1989 

'Linguists' grammars and the language teacher', in B. O'Meadhra, B. Richardson, & C. O'Culleanain (eds.), Languages in the 1990s: Proceedings of the Third National Modern Language Convention, MLTA/Dublin City University, 29-39, 1989

'The I-language Approach and Classroom Observation', English Language Teaching Documents, 133, 71-80, 1990

'Timed comprehension of binding in advanced learners of English', Language Learning, 40, 4, 557-599, 1990

'Observational evidence and the UG theory of language acquisition', in I. Roca (ed.), Logical Issues in Language Acquisition, Foris, 1990 Web version

'The poverty-of-the-stimulus argument and multi-competence', Second Language Research, 7, 2, 103-117, 1991

'The development of multi-competence', Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on the Description and/or Comparison of English and Greek, Thessaloniki, March 27-29, 1991, 394-404 Online version

'Relating Second Language Acquisition Research to Language Teaching', Die Neueren Sprachen, 1992

'The second language learning of grammar and language teaching', in D. Hill (ed.), Proceedings of the National Conference of Teachers of English 1992, British Council, Milan

'Evidence for multi-competence', Language Learning, 42, 4, 557-591, 1992 online version

'Wholistic multi-competence – jeu d'esprit or paradigm shift?', Current Issues in European Second Language Acquisition Research, ed. B. Kettemann, Narr, 2-8, 1993 Online version

‘Learning and teaching: five suggestions’, GRETA, 1, 1, 5-6

'Universal Grammar and the learning and teaching of second languages', in T. Odlin (ed.), Perspectives on Pedagogical Grammar, CUP, 1994, 25-48

'The metaphor of access to Universal Grammar', in N. Ellis (ed.), Implicit Learning and Language, Academic Press, 1994, 477-502

‘Timed grammaticality judgements of the head parameter in L2 learning’, in G. Bartelt (ed.), The Dynamics of Language Processes, Gunter Narr, 1994, 15-31 Web version

‘Multi-competence and effects of age’, in D. Singleton and Z. Lengyel (eds.), The Age Factor in Second Language Acquisition, Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 1995, 51-66 Web version

‘Multi-competence and the learning of many languages’, Language, Culture and Curriculum, 8, 2, 93-98, 1995

‘Some relationships between linguistics and second language research’, in K. Sajavaara and C. Fairweather (eds.), Approaches to Second Language Acquisition, Jyväskylä Cross-Language Studies 17, 7-13, 1996 Web version

‘Applying second language research to English language teaching’, in Cortazzi, M., Galea, S.M. & Hall, B. (eds), Aspects of Language Teaching, Learning and Research Methodology in the Context of Education, University of Leicester, School of Education, 20-28, 1996

‘Competence and multi-competence’ in G. Brown, K. Malmkjaer & J. Williams (eds.), Performance and Competence in Second Language Acquisition, 1996, CUP, 57-69 Web version

‘Universal Grammar in second language acquisition’, in P. Jordens & J. Lalleman (eds) Investigating Second Language Acquisition, Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin, 167-186, 1996

‘The consequences of bilingualism for cognitive processing’, in A. de Groot & J.F. Kroll (eds.), Tutorials in Bilingualism: Psycholinguistic Perspectives, Lawrence Erlbaum, 1997 Web version

‘Monolingual bias in second language acquisition research’, Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses, 34, 35-50, 1997 Web version

‘L2 users and English spelling’, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 18, 6, 474-488, 1997

Entries of varying length to K. & S. Johnson (eds.), Encyclopedic Dictionary of Applied Linguistics, Oxford: Blackwell, on: acculturation, bilingualism, CALL, Chomsky, codeswitching, comprehensible input, Critical Period Hypothesis, declarative/procedural, generative grammar, good language learner, grammatical morphemes, information processing model, innateness, interlanguage, intonation, the Monitor Model, phatic communion, subset principle, threshold hypothesis, Universal Grammar, 1998

‘Internal and external uses of a second language’, Essex Research Reports in Linguistics, 100-110, 1998 Web version

'Relating SLA Research to Language Teaching Materials', Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 1, 1-2, 9-27, 1998 Online version

‘Going beyond the native speaker in language teaching’, TESOL Quarterly, 33, 2, 185-209, 1999 Web Version

'Using SLA research in language teaching', International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 9, 2, 267-284, 1999 Online version

'Creating L2 users', Jurnal Kurikulum, 1, 2, CDC Kuala Lumpur, 1999 Web version

‘The Author responds …', TESOL Quarterly, 34, 2, 329-332, 2000

‘Linguistics and second language acquisition: one person with two languages’. In M. Aronoff & J. Rees-Miller (eds.), The Blackwell Handbook of Linguistics, 488-511, 2000

'Universal grammar', entry in M. Byram (ed.), The Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Language Learning, London: Routledge, 646-649, 2000

'Using the first language in the classroom', Canadian Modern Language Review, 57, 3, 402-423, 2001 Web version

'Knowledge of writing', International Review of Applied Linguistics, 39, 1-18, 2001

'The functions of invented sentences: a reply to Guy Cook', Applied Linguistics, 24, 2, 262-269, 2002

'Background to the L2 user', in V.J. Cook (ed.) Portraits of the L2 User, (editor and contributor) Clevedon, Multilingual Matters (2002), 1-28

'Language teaching methodology and the L2 user perspective', in V.J. Cook (ed.) Portraits of the L2 User, Clevedon, Multilingual Matters (2002), 325-344

‘Teaching to create second language users', BATJ Journal, 3, 51-55, 2002

‘The changing L1 in the L2 user's mind' in V.J. Cook (ed.) Effects of the Second Language on the First, Clevedon, Multilingual Matters (2003), 1-18 Web version

‘Effects of the second language on the syntactic processing of the first language', with Iarossi, E., Stellakis, N. & Tokumaru, Y. In V.J. Cook (ed.), Effects of the Second Language on the First. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, (2003) 214-233 Web Version

'Materials for adult beginners from an L2 User Perspective', in B. Tomlinson (ed.), Developing Materials for Language Teaching. London: Continuum (2003), 275-290

'The poverty-of-the-stimulus argument and structure-dependency in L2 users of English', IRAL, 41, 201-221, 2003

‘The spelling of the regular past tense in English: implications for lexical spelling and dual process models’ in G. Bergh, J. Herriman & M. Mabärg (eds.) An International Master of Syntax and Semantics: papers presented to Aimo Seppänen on the occasion of his 75th birthday, Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis: Göteborg: Sweden, 59-68, 2004 Web version

‘Basing teaching on the L2 user’, in E. Llurda (ed.), Non-Native Teachers, New York Springer, 47-62. 2005 Web version

‘An introduction to researching second language writing systems’ with Benedetta Bassetti. In V. Cook & B. Bassetti (eds) Second Language Writing Systems, Multilingual Matters (2005), 1-70 

‘Written language and foreign language teaching’. In V. Cook & B. Bassetti (eds) Second Language Writing Systems Multilingual Matters (2005), 424-441  

‘Do bilinguals have different concepts? The case of shape and material in Japanese L2 users of English', with Bassetti, B., Kasai, C., Sasaki, M. & Takahashi, J.A. International Journal of Bilingualism, 2, 137-152, 2006 

‘Interlanguage, multi-competence and the problem of the “second” language’, Rivista di Psicolinguistica Applicata VI, 3, 39-52, 2006 Web version

‘The goals of ELT: reproducing native-speakers or promoting multi-competence among second language users?’ in J. Cummins & C. Davison (eds), Handbook on English Language Teaching, Kluwer, 237-248, 2007 Web version

‘Multi-competence: black hole or wormhole for SLA research?’ in Z-H. Han (ed.), Understanding Second Language Process, Clevedon: Multilingual Matters, 16-26, 2007. Reprinted in L. Wei (ed.) (2011), The Routledge Applied Linguistics Reader, Routledge 77-89 Web version

‘The nature of the L2 user’, in L. Roberts, A. Gurel, S. Tatar & L. Marti (eds.) EUROSLA Yearbook, 7, 205-220, 2007 Web version

‘Linguistic contributions to bilingualism’, in J. Altaribba & R. Heredia (eds) An Introduction to Bilingualism: Principles and Practice, Erlbaum, 245-264, 2008 

Multilingual Universal Grammar as the norm’, in I. Leung (ed.) Third Language Acquisition and Universal Grammar, Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 55-70, 2009 Web version

‘Introduction: applied linguistics and language teaching in the 21st century’, in V.J. Cook & Li Wei (eds) Contemporary Applied Linguistics Volume 1 Language Teaching and Learning, Continuum, 2009 Web version

‘Language user groups and language teaching’, in V.J. Cook & Li Wei (eds) Contemporary Applied Linguistics Volume 1 Language Teaching and Learning, Continuum, 54-74, 2009 Web version

‘Developing links between second language acquisition research and language teaching’, in K. Knapp and B. Seidlhofer (ed.), Handbooks of Applied Linguistics Volume 6: Foreign language communication and learning, Mouton, 2009

Metcalfe, C., Grube, M., Gabriel, D., Dietrich, S., Ackermann, H., Cook, V., Hanson, A. & Alter, K. (2009), ‘The processing of emotional utterances: roles of prosodic and lexical information’, in K. Alter, M. Horne. M. Lindsgren, M. Roll and J. von Koss Torklildsen, Brain Talk: Discourse with and in the Brain, Lund University Press, 139-150

‘The multi-competence perspective and the teaching of British Sign Language’ in M. Mertanzi (ed.) Sign Language Teaching and Learning, Centre for Deaf Studies, University of Bristol, 135-143, 2009 Web version

‘The relationship between first and second language acquisition revisited’ in E. Macaro (ed.) The Continuum Companion to Second Language Acquisition, Continuum, 137-157, 2010 Web version

‘Prolegomena to second language learning', in P. Seedhouse, S. Walsh & C. Jenks (eds.), Conceptualising Language Learning, Palgrave MacMillan, 2010, 6-22  Web version

‘Who is the language user? Multi-competence and foreign language teaching', Shiko Language Education Society 2010  Web version

‘TEFL in Europe’ in E. Hinkel (ed.), Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, Volume II, Routledge (2011) Web version

‘Multi-competence’. In C. Chapelle (ed.) The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Wiley-Blackwell (2012)

ELF: central or atypical second language acquisition?’ in Singleton, D. & Aronin, L. (eds.), A Global Perspective on Multilingualism: Diversity, Mobility and Complexity (2013)

‘Who is the L2 user? Multi-competence and foreign language learning/teaching’, Proceedings of the Shiko Language Education Society, 30, 11, 2010.  ISSN0914-5850, 1-19

Teaching English as a Foreign Language in Europe’ in E. Hinkel (ed.), Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, Volume II, London, Routledge. 140-154 (2011)

‘Thinking in a mind with two languages’, JSLA, 2011

‘Multilingualism and cognition’. Section of Gorter et al (2011),The Radein Initiative: Some Directions in Research on Multilingualism, ISB, Oslo, 11-13

‘Some issues for SLA research’. In Luciana Pedrazzini & Andrea Nava (eds.) Learning and Teaching English: Insights from Research, Polimetrica Publisher, Italy, pp. 39-68. (2012) Web version

 ‘Multi-competence’ and ‘Nativeness and language pedagogy’. Entries in C. Chapelle (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012

 ‘The native speaker’ and ‘Multicompetence’. Entries in P. Robinson (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Second Language Acquisition. 2012

‘What are the goals of language teaching?’ Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, 1, 1 44-56 (2013)

‘The goals of language teaching in a globalised world’. In Baró, A.L., Ciro, L.A., Balsà, L.G. & Mateu Serra, R.M. (eds), Applied Linguistics in the Age of Globalisation, Edicions de la Universitat de Lleida (2013) 10-15

‘ELF: central or atypical form of second language acquisition?’ in Singleton, D., Fishman, J.A., Aronin, L. & O Laoire, M. (eds.), Current Multilingualism: A New Linguistic Dispensation (2013), Berlin: De Gruyter, 27-44

‘The language of the street’, Applied Linguistics Review (2013), 4(1): 43 – 81

‘Standard punctuation and the punctuation of the street’ in M. Pawlak and L. Aronin (eds.), Essential Topics in Applied Linguistics and Multilingualism, Springer International Publishing Switzerland (2013), 267-290

‘Meaning and material in the language of the street’, Social Semiotics (2015), 25, 81-109

‘Challenging hidden assumptions in language teaching’, Language Education and Acquisition Research Network (LEARN) Journal, 72-78

‘Discussing the language and thought of motion in second language speakers’, The Modern Language Journal, 99, Supplement (2015), 154-164

‘Where is the native speaker now?’ TESOL Quarterly, (2016), 50, 1, 190-201, DOI: 10.1002/tesq.286 (2016)

‘Transfer and the relationship between the languages of multi-competence’, in R.A. Alonso (ed.), Crosslinguistic Influence in Second Language Acquisition, Bristol: Multilingual Matters (2016), 24-37

III. Reviews 

Language, IRAL, System, Word, Child Language Teaching and Therapy, Lingua, Applied Linguistics, International Journal of Applied Linguistics, Clarion, Times Higher Education Supplement.